5 formas de usar -ing nos verbos – Inglês com Supernatural

5 formas de usar -ing nos verbos – Inglês com Supernatural

Aulas, Gramática

nível B1Hello guys! How are you today? Hoje a aula é em inglês pra aprendermos as formas de usar -ing com Supernatural.
(Esta aula foi feita para o nível B1 e acima. Clique aqui para conhecer os níveis do CEFR.)

Today’s lesson: Supernatural by Warner
Season 1, episode 2
-ING forms

The second episode from the first season brought us the most famous phrases from the show:

saving people

But teacher, why is it “saving” and not “to save”? Well there are many ways to use -ing in a verb. Let’s take a look:

1- Present Continuous

This is the basic one. We use -ing to indicate an action in progress in the moment of speaking.

Ex: “Dean is talking about the family business.”

usar -ing verbos em inglês

But “saving people, hunting things…” is NOT an action in progress.

2- Using a verb as a noun

When Dean says “saving people” he is using the verb “to save” as a noun. A verb becomes a noun when it is the subject or the object of a sentence.

Ex: Saving people and hunting things are the family business.

Saving people and hunting things are the family business.

We could also say: “The Winchester family business is saving people and hunting things.”

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (1)

So if you have a verb as the subject or object of a phrase, it is not a verb anymore, it is a noun and you need to add -ing.

Are there other situations to use -ing? Yes! Let’s see them:

3- Using a verb as an adjective

Adjective is a characteristic. If this characteristic comes from a verb, you need to add -ing to it.

Ex: to swim – swimming lesson

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (2)

“Swimming” is the characteristic of the lesson. We can have reading lessons, painting lessons, hunting lessons…

4- After prepositions

If after a preposition you have a verb; add -ing to it.

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (3)

5- After some specific verbs

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (4)

Some verbs can accept [to + verb] or [verb+ing], but some only accept a verb+ing.

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (5)

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (6)

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (7)

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (8)

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (9)

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (10)

The use #2 can help you when you need to use any of these verbs. Ex:

Saving people and hunting things are the family business. (11)

From numbers 2 to 5 the verbs are NOT in the gerund form. The only use that indicates an action in progress is the Present Continuous.

Can you use the -ing forms correctly now? We hope so! Can you create your own examples with the 5 forms? Leave them in the comments below!

I’ll see you very soon! Bye!

Stay geek!

Vocabulário – Xingando com Stranger Things

Vocabulário – Xingando com Stranger Things

Aulas, Vocabulário

nível B1Hello folks! Hoje a aula é em inglês pra aprendermos vocabulário com Stranger Things.
(Esta aula foi feita para o nível B1 e acima. Clique aqui para conhecer os níveis do CEFR.)

Do you know what a douchebag is or to be a pussy?

Today’s lesson: Stranger Things by Netflix
Season 1, episode 1
Bad words

Let’s watch it?

Part one: Vocabulary

In the first episode the boys are playing RPG (1:49 minutes):

Vocabulário Stranger Things Geekin' English
credits to http://dorkshelf.com/

The situation is difficult and Will needs to decide to attack or not the monster Demogorgon. Dustin says to defend, but Lucas says to attack. Let’s check the dialogue:

Mike: Did you hear that? That sound? Boom boom Boom! That didn’t come from the troglodytes. No, that That came from something else. The Demogorgon!
Dustin: We’re in deep shit.
Mike: Will, your action!
Will: I don’t know!
Lucas: Fireball him!
Will: I’d have to roll a 13 or higher! Too risky.
Dustin: Cast a protection spell.
Lucas: Don’t be a pussy. Fireball him!

In case Will decides to defend the group, Lucas calls him a “pussy“.

1- In your opinion, is “pussy”:
a) a strong and brave person (like Merida from Brave)
b) a coward person (like Courage, the coward dog, or Sam from Game of Thrones)

Click here for the answer.

About usage: Pussy is extremely offensive and nowadays is considered a sexist term (remember that Stranger Things takes place in 1983).

After the game, Dustin offers pizza to Mike’s sister, Nancy. She refuses and Justin gets upset. While talking about it, Mike says something about Nancy’s boyfriend, Steve (4:18 minutes):

Dustin: There’s something wrong with your sister.
Mike: What are you talking about?
Dustin: She’s got a stick up her butt.
Mike: Yeah. It’s because she’s been dating that douchebag, Steve Harrington.
Dustin: Yeah, she’s turning into a real jerk.
Mike: She’s always been a real jerk.
Dustin: Nuh-uh, she used to be cool.

1- In your opinion a person who is a “douchebag” or a “jerk” is:
a) rude and annoying
b) violent person

Click here for the answer.

On the next day, the boys go to school and find some bullies, those bad boys who make fun of people (0.20 seconds). Let’s watch?

Now, the dialogue:

Bully boy 1: Step right up, ladies and gentlemen. Step right up and get your tickets for the freak show. Who do you think would make more money in a freak show? Midnight, Frogface, or Toothless?
Bully boy 2: I’d go with Toothless.
Dustin: I told you a million times, my teeth are coming in. It’s called cleidocranial dysplasia.
Bully boy 2: “I told you a million times.”
Bully boy 1: Do the arm thing.
Bully boy 2: Do it, freak! God, it gets me every time.
Lucas: Assholes.

1- In your opinion, a “freak” is a:
a) normal and young person
b) strange or weird person

2- An “asshole” is a:
a) rude, unpleasant, and sometimes stupid person
b) quiet and shy person

Click here for the answer.

IMPORTANT: all the words are BAD and OFFENSIVE! Be careful when using these! Most of them can be used as jokes between friends, but do not call people like this, it’s not a good thing to do!

Part two: Talk about it!

1- In your opinion is Steve, Nancy’s boyfriend, really a douchebag? Why (not)?

2- Who is the greatest asshole of TV? Darth Vader? Bolton? Joffrey? Victoria Greyson? Negan? The Governor?

Write down in the comments below or vote in the poll!


That’s it for today folks! See you next class!

Stay geek!