Hello guys! How are you today? Hoje a aula é em inglês pra aprendermos as formas de usar -ing com Supernatural.
(Esta aula foi feita para o nível B1 e acima. Clique aqui para conhecer os níveis do CEFR.)
Today’s lesson: Supernatural by Warner
Season 1, episode 2
The second episode from the first season brought us the most famous phrases from the show:
But teacher, why is it “saving” and not “to save”? Well there are many ways to use -ing in a verb. Let’s take a look:
1- Present Continuous
This is the basic one. We use -ing to indicate an action in progress in the moment of speaking.
Ex: “Dean is talking about the family business.”
But “saving people, hunting things…” is NOT an action in progress.
2- Using a verb as a noun
When Dean says “saving people” he is using the verb “to save” as a noun. A verb becomes a noun when it is the subject or the object of a sentence.
Ex: Saving people and hunting things are the family business.
We could also say: “The Winchester family business is saving people and hunting things.”
So if you have a verb as the subject or object of a phrase, it is not a verb anymore, it is a noun and you need to add -ing.
Are there other situations to use -ing? Yes! Let’s see them:
3- Using a verb as an adjective
Adjective is a characteristic. If this characteristic comes from a verb, you need to add -ing to it.
Ex: to swim – swimming lesson
“Swimming” is the characteristic of the lesson. We can have reading lessons, painting lessons, hunting lessons…
4- After prepositions
If after a preposition you have a verb; add -ing to it.
5- After some specific verbs
Some verbs can accept [to + verb] or [verb+ing], but some only accept a verb+ing.
The use #2 can help you when you need to use any of these verbs. Ex:
From numbers 2 to 5 the verbs are NOT in the gerund form. The only use that indicates an action in progress is the Present Continuous.
Can you use the -ing forms correctly now? We hope so! Can you create your own examples with the 5 forms? Leave them in the comments below!
I’ll see you very soon! Bye!